Here are some general rules on inserting quotations in your dissertation:
quotations from primary sources should be in the original language
there is no need to provide an English translation unless the language used is not one taught within the Faculty
use single inverted commas for quotations; do not place in bold or use italics
use double inverted commas for quotations within a quotation:
Valenzuela suggests that this idealization of woman leads to a restriction of the female voice: ‘nos lavaron a muchas de nosotras la boca con agua y jabón cuando decíamos alguna de esas llamadas palabrotas, las “malas” palabras’.
for quotations of less than two lines’ length, simply incorporate them into your paragraph:
In La traición we see Toto trying to preserve the association of outer beauty with goodness and virtue. When he sees Sangre y arena, he feels deceived by Rita Hayworth, whose beauty is not matched by a kind and good nature: ‘es una artista linda pero que hace traiciones’ (81).
offset quotations of longer than two lines by increasing both the left-hand and the right-hand margins by 1 cm and leaving a line free before and after the quotation. Quotation marks are omitted for quotations offset in this manner.
[…] The novel asserts Colón’s genealogical predisposition to Paradise:
En su camareta consultó el mapa secreto, producto de tantos años de búsquedas,
violaciones de correspondencia e intuiciones. (Todos pudieron leer las mismas cosas
en los textos sagrados y profanos, pero sólo el elegido –el de la estirpe de Isaías–
podría recibir la síntesis final.) (162)
All these readings imprint in Colón a paradoxically ambiguous and precise image of Paradise, one linked to fiction, cosmology, the Jewish longing for a homeland and Caribbean topography. […]
quotations should usually be introduced with a comma or a colon, but shorter quoted phrases may also be incorporated without punctuation into the syntax of your sentence. Some examples:
with a comma -
As Mike Featherstone argues, ‘the possibility of the nation therefore depends upon the development of the book, the novel, and the newspaper alongside a literate reading public capable of using these sources throughout the territorial area and thus able to imagine themselves as a community’.
with a colon -
The suspension of time in exile is best summarized in a quotation by Cortázar in which he likens exile to death: ‘El exilio […] es como una muerte inconcebiblemente horrible porque es una muerte que se sigue viviendo conscientemente’.
Valenzuela recognizes the ‘poder de manipulación’ of these well-constructed rumours which combines ‘el miedo supersticioso’ with ‘una vaga promesa de salvación por la magia’.
use three dots enclosed in square brackets to indicate one or more words omitted from a quotation (usually because they are not relevant to your point):
A character in ‘Simetrías’ explains: ‘Es importante evitar el olvido […]. Hay que recordar esas paredes que han sido demolidas con el firme propósito de borrar el cuerpo del delito’.
if the quotation forms part of a longer sentence in your dissertation, the closing quotation mark should precede the full stop (or any other kind of punctuation):
In No quiero volver a casa the black screens inserted between the sequences represent the silence of the many beings that ‘dejaron de ser’.